MDS Testing: What to Expect
If signs and symptoms suggest you have MDS, your healthcare provider may require tests to look at your blood and bone marrow.
What Are Blood Tests?
- Through blood tests an examination of the number of blood cells and the size and shape of the blood cells will be made
- In a complete blood count (CBC), blood is taken from your arm. It is then examined under a microscope to see the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets that are in your blood
- Blood cells from MDS patients may also have certain abnormalities in size, shape, or other features that can be seen under the microscope
- Additional blood tests may be performed to check your liver and kidney function
What Is a Bone Marrow Biopsy?
- A bone marrow biopsy is done by inserting a hollow needle into the hip or breast bone and taking a sample of bone marrow
- This test examines a small piece of bone and marrow to determine the size, appearance, and type of cells that the marrow is making
What Are Cytogenetic Tests?
- These tests examine chromosomes, which contain the genetic information used to create new cells
- Changes in chromosomes may occur in patients with MDS